Human Development Indicators in Tamil Nadu and a comparative assessment across the Country Tnpsc

Tamil Nadu has consistently ranked among the top states in India in terms of human development. In the 2020 Human Development Index (HDI) released by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Tamil Nadu ranked 13th among Indian states, with an HDI of 0.709. This is significantly higher than the national average of 0.645.

Some of the key human development indicators in Tamil Nadu include:

  • Life expectancy: 75.2 years (2020)
  • Literacy rate: 80.4% (2020)
  • Net enrollment ratio in primary education: 100% (2020)
  • Infant mortality rate: 18 deaths per 1,000 live births (2020)
  • Maternal mortality ratio: 77 deaths per 100,000 live births (2020)
  • GNI per capita (PPP): $15,210 (2020)

These indicators show that Tamil Nadu has made significant progress in human development over the years. However, there are still some areas where the state could improve. For example, the gender gap in education and employment is still challenging.

In a comparative assessment across the country, Tamil Nadu fares well regarding human development. It is ranked second only to Kerala in the HDI. However, there are some states that are catching up, such as Punjab and Haryana.

Overall, Tamil Nadu is a state with a high level of human development. The state has made significant progress in recent years, and it will likely continue to improve in the future.

Here is a table comparing the HDI of Tamil Nadu with other Indian states:

StateHDI (2020)
Tamil Nadu0.709
Andhra Pradesh0.678
West Bengal0.671
Uttar Pradesh0.632
* * All the Notes in this blog, are referred from Tamil Nadu State Board Books and Samacheer Kalvi Books. Kindly check with the original Tamil Nadu state board books and Ncert Books.