NCERT Geography Notes for UPSC

Physical Geography Solar System Earth Latitude and Longitude Motions of Earth – Rotation, Revolution, Inclination of Earth Axis Local and Standard Time International Date Line, Calendar Eclipses Interior of the Earth Source of Information – Direct, Indirect – Earth Quakes Volcanoes, crust, mantle, core etc Rocks Rocks & landform & Soils Rock Cycle – Types … Read more

UPSC Polity Syllabus for Prelims

Features of each Act from 1773 to 1947 Salient features of Democracy and liberty Preamble Union and Its Territory Citizenship Fundamental Rights DPSP Fundamental Duties Amendment Basic Structure of Constitution Parliamentary System Federal System Centre State Relations Inter-State Relations Emergency Provision President Vice President Prime Minister Council of Ministers Attorney General of India Cabinet Secretary … Read more

Tnpsc Group-I Main Syllabus and Notes

Tnpsc Group-I Mains syllabus and Notes

PAPER – I – General studies UNIT- I: MODERN HISTORY OF INDIA AND INDIAN CULTURE Advent of European invasion ‐ Expansion and consolidation of British rule – Early uprising against British rule ‐ 1857 Revolt – Indian National Congress ‐ Growth of militant movements ‐ Different modes of agitations –Emergence of national leaders ‐ Gandhi, … Read more

Tnpsc Group-I Syllabus for Prelims along with Reference and Notes

Links to Notes as per the latest syllabus are given on this page. Most of the topics are covered on this page. Some topics are merged together, and as a result, topics might have links to them.

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(i) Scientific Knowledge and Scientific temper – Power of Reasoning Rote Learning Vs Conceptual Learning Science as a tool to understand the past, present and future.

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Black soil in Tamil nadu

The black clayey alluvium-rich soil known as black cotton soil is found in parts of Coimbatore, Madurai, Dindigul, Thoothukudi, and Tirunelveli and patches in the districts of Kancheepuram, Vellore, Salem, Dharmapuri, Ramanathapuram, Virudunagar and the Nilgiris.

Evolution Tnpsc Notes

Evolution is a fundamental concept in biology that refers to the process of change in all forms of life over generations. It explains how species of living organisms have changed over time and diversified into the multitude of forms we observe today. The theory of evolution, as proposed by Charles Darwin in the mid-19th century, … Read more

Crops grown in jammu and kashmir

Crops grown in jammu and kashmir

Jammu and Kashmir, often referred to as the “Crown of India,” is not only renowned for its breathtaking landscapes but also its diverse agricultural practices. The region’s unique geography and varied climate zones contribute to a rich tapestry of crops cultivated throughout the year. In this blog post, we’ll delve into the agricultural bounty of … Read more

Linguistic groups Tnpsc

Linguistic groups refer to collections of languages that are closely related to each other due to a common ancestry. These groups are organized hierarchically, with languages grouped into families, families into phyla, and so on. Linguistic classification is based on the similarities and shared features among languages, which often indicate a historical connection and a … Read more

Earthworms in the savanna

When we think of the savanna, we envision a dynamic ecosystem of grasslands and scattered trees, teeming with wildlife. Yet, beneath the surface, a less visible but equally vital force silently contributes to the health of the ecosystem: earthworms. In this blog post, we’ll dig into the fascinating world of earthworms in the savanna and … Read more

Mushrooms in the savanna

When we think of savannas, we envision vast grasslands dotted with acacia trees and teeming with a diverse array of wildlife. However, hidden beneath the surface and often overlooked, there exists a fascinating and lesser-known world – the realm of mushrooms in the savanna. In this blog post, we will delve into the intriguing relationship … Read more

Tapestry of Society: Unraveling the Social Structure of the Mughal Empire

Social Structure of the Mughal Empire

Mughal Empire social structure The social structure of the Mughal Empire was complex and hierarchical, reflecting the diversity of the society that existed within its vast territories. The Mughals, who were of Central Asian Turkic-Mongol origin, ruled over a predominantly Indian population. The social structure was influenced by a combination of indigenous Indian traditions and … Read more

Panchayat and municipality upsc

Panchayat and municipality upsc

Panchayat and municipality Panchayats and municipalities stand as the pillars of local self-governance in India, embodying the essence of democratic decentralization. These institutions, enshrined in the Constitution of India, play a vital role in fostering community participation and addressing the diverse needs of both rural and urban populations. Panchayat in Indian Polity In the Indian … Read more

Physical features of Arunachal Pradesh: Mountains, Rivers, and More:

Physical features of Arunachal Pradesh Nestled in the northeastern corner of India, Arunachal Pradesh stands as a testament to the country’s diverse and awe-inspiring landscapes. Known as the “Land of the Dawn-lit Mountains,” this enchanting state is a treasure trove of natural wonders that captivate the hearts of all who venture into its embrace. In … Read more

* * All the Notes in this blog, are referred from Tamil Nadu State Board Books and Samacheer Kalvi Books. Kindly check with the original Tamil Nadu state board books and Ncert Books.